Smoke Detector Guidelines

There are several guidelines that must be followed regarding the location and replacement of smoke detectors in Edison.

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We are offering the following information to help you, especially during time of resale of a dwelling, when a fire inspection will take place.

  1. A minimum of one detector shall be located per level of dwelling, including basement.
  2. In basements, the detector shall be located on the ceiling/beam at the bottom of the stairs.
  3. Smoke detectors shall be located no farther than 10 feet from bedroom doors.
  4. Where a loft/attic area is open and can be used as a living space and there is a head space of 7 feet or more, a detector is required.
  5. A floor level is a level with three steps or more between levels.
  6. Existing hard-wired detectors can not be replaced with battery type.
  7. If an alarm/central station system is in place the following information will be required:
    1. Alarm company contact information (Including Name and Phone Number).
    2. Code required to reset system.

Is your smoke detector a nuisance?

In time of resale, please inform your agent to call at least 3-5 days in advance to ensure that your inspection can be done in a timely manner. The certificate is valid for 180 days from inspection date.

If you have any other questions regarding fire inspections, please call (732) 248-7558.

Smoke Detector Tips

Smoke alarms save precious minutes -- alerting families to danger before smoke and gases can overcome them. In a home fire, smoke detectors are your best protection.

Placement of smoke detectors:


  • Location. Consider which parts of the house need protecting, where a fire would be most dangerous and how many units are needed. Plan one for each floor or level.
  • Sleeping areas. Put a detector within 10 feet of each bedroom door, preferably in the hallway. In a hallway longer than 30 feet, install one at each end. A unit in each room provides maximum protection.
  • Living room. Keep the detector away from a fireplace or wood stove to avoid false alarms.
  • Hall and stairwell. Place a detector at the top of each stairwell and at each end of a long hall.
  • Kitchen (eating/dining area) - Keep detector away from cooking fumes.
  • Basement. Mount a detector on the ceiling/beam at the bottom of the stairs, away from the exhaust of a heating unit.

Installation:


  • Read the installation instructions that come with the detector.
  • Keep units 6 inches away from the dead air space near walls and corners.
  • If mounted on a wall, place unit 6-12 inches below the ceiling and away from a corner.
  • Do not place a detector closer than 3 feet from an air register that might re-circulate smoke.
  • Do not place a unit on an uninsulated exterior wall or ceiling.
  • Place smoke detectors at least 3 feet from ceiling fans.

Maintenance:

  • Check the alarm every 30 days. Push test button or fan smoke underneath the unit.
  • Replace batteries twice a year.
  • Clean the detector's face and grill to remove dust or grease.
  • Keep spare batteries on hand.
  • Follow manufacturer's instructions.

Remember, from the time a fire starts, family members have less than 4 minutes to escape. Do not attempt to extinguish a fire unless it can be put out in a few seconds.